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D.Sharifi,Ph.D, GH.R.Abedi,Ph.D, F.Sassani,Ph.D, D.Savadkouhi,M.D, I.Nowrouzian,M.V.P.M, J.Bakhtiari Ph.D.

Various biological bone grafts have been used for osteogenesis, osteoconduction and even osteoinduction, but due to systemic influences and local factors the outcome of successful incorporation of a bone graft has not been so satisfactory. So this study was conducted on 15 clinically healthy adult dogs between 1 to 3 years of age and 20 to 30 kg/BW to evaluate the effect of bone cement and autogenous bone graft. The piece of 3 Cm complete mid-shaft left tibial cortical bone was removed in all animals then they were divided into three groups of 5 animals each. In group I the bone was fixed with suitable intramedullary pin, whereas the gap was filled up with harvested autogenous rib bone in group II animals. The bone cement was used to fill up the gap in animals group III for first 30 days then it was replaced with iliac chip bone and observation was made accordingly for 60 days in all animals of three groups. On 60 days before collection of callus sample, grossly there was granulation and fibrocartilage tissues in group I & II and the thick fibrous capsule around bone cement on 30 days and on 60 days in group III animals. There was combination of collagen fibers beside hypertrophic chondroblasts in histomorphological cross section in group I animals, whereas active osteoblast mixed with sequestra in animals group II. Fibrotic capsule, periosteal layer, lacunae, osteoblast, osteocyte and well formed bone marrow with RBC and adipose tissue were noted in animals group III. The bone cement leading to fibrotic capsule formation was quite helpful to delay iliac bone graft resorption and enhancing osteogenic stimulation as to fill the gap with impact callus with normal cortical structure. The application of bone cement in gap nonunion, crushed bone and fragmental fractures is highly recommended.

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Alternative Medicine
Animal Welfare
Clinical Pathology
Dental Congress 1:1
Dental Congress 1:2
Dental Congress 1:3
Dental Congress 2:1
Dental Congress 2:2
Dental Congress 2:3
Emergency & Critical Care
Feline Endocrine & Infectious Dz
Feline Gastroenterology
Feline Urology/Nephrology
Infectious & Zoonotic Diseases
Respiratory Medicine
Surgery & Sports Medicine
Oral Presentations
Morbidity Factors Of Anxiety Disorders
PTT Excision Of Ear Canal Polyps
Rabies Antibody Tests: IHA vs Elisa
Hip Luxation: Surgical Repair
Surgical Repair Of Mitral Regurg.
Dental Pulp/Dentin Deposition
Ehrlichiosis Study, Azarbaijans
B. Thuring. Effects On Trichostrongylus
Growth Plate Closure Times, Kangal
Revolution, Dog/Cat Flea Control
Electrical Stim. For Nerve Injuries
BAPN-F For Gastroc. Tendon Healing
Patch Test, Dogs; Human Allergy Stats.
Abd. Adhesion Prevention, Omenectomy
Leptospirosis Study, Tehran
Ehrlichiosis, Protein Alterations
Xenograft For Femural Fx. Repair
Omentum For Tendon Healing
Pet Behavior During Bombing
Evaluation Of Silk Suture
Canine Testis Gene Expression
Radiologic Signs, Spirocerca
Feline Interferon In FeLV/FIV Cats
HbA1c In Diabetic Dogs
Bovine Xenograft For Tibial Repair
Tibial Segmental Defect, Treatment
Bovine Bone Pin For Fracture Repair
Rabies Immunity, Tehran, Dogs
Oral Antibiotics, Owner Compliance
Excision Arthroplasty, Dogs/Cats
Ovine Xenograft For Radial Fractures
Endochondral Ossification
Intertrochanteric Osteotomy Fixation
Immunoglobuline, Atopic Dermatitis
Subclinical Dermatophytosis
Probiotic Strains
Efficacy of Revolution (selamectin)
Bordetella Bronchiseptica
You are hereBone Cement and Graft
Femoral Head
Bacterial Infections, Urinary
Mammary Neoplasias
Bilateral Anterior Hemimelia
Adenocarcinoma, Apocrine Glands
Bone Marrow Toxicity
Carmustine, Lymphoma
Desflurane Anesthesia
Nutrition, Hyperlipidaemia
Perianal Fistula
L-Carnitine Supplementation
Poster Presentations