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Journal of veterinary medical education
Volume 49 | Issue 1 (February 2022)

Exploring the Factors that Affect the Happiness of South African Veterinarians.

J Vet Med Educ. February 2022;49(1):90-101.
André P Calitz, Margaret D M Cullen, Cordene Midgley


Happiness is a new field of study in various fields, including health care and veterinary science. Workplace-related happiness, or subjective well-being in the work environment, has become a prominent research field. The happiness of veterinarians has gained academic interest globally over recent years. Previous research indicated that increased happiness levels of employees have social, personal and possible financial gain for employers and employees. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors that affect the happiness of South African veterinarians and develop a conceptual model based on the identified factors. A cross-sectional study using a quantitative survey was conducted using a standardized questionnaire. Of 2,182 registered veterinarians, 360 practicing veterinarians completed the survey and the results were statistically analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The results indicated that the factors influence in the workplace, social relationships, satisfaction with work-life balance, purpose, optimism, work satisfaction, work stress, and leisure were identified as having significant statistical relationships with the happiness of veterinarians. Managerial recommendations are provided based on the research findings. This study is the first known study to examine the factors that affect the happiness levels of veterinarians. The study forms the base for similar research to be conducted in other countries.

happiness; veterinarian happiness; veterinarian happiness factors;

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