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Breed-Related Dermatoses in Dogs and Cats

Date Published: 03/04/2008
Date Reviewed/Revised: 12/20/2019
Photo by Dr. Teri Ann Oursler

Breeds and Associated Skin Diseases of Cats and Dogs

Cats

Abyssinian
Psychogenic alopecia and dermatitis
Follicular dysplasia (hair shaft disorder of Abyssinians)

Devon Rex
Familial hypotrichosis

Himalayan
Dermatophytosis (ringworm)
Granulomatous dermatophytosis
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Persian
Dermatophytosis (ringworm)
Granulomatous dermatophytosis
Dirty face syndrome
Seborrhea (greasy cat syndrome)

Siamese
Pinnal alopecia
Psychogenic alopecia
Histiocytic mast cell tumor
Vitiligo  

Dogs

Afghan Hound
Hypothyroidism

Airedale Terrier
Flank alopecia

Akita
Hypothyroidism
Pemphigus foliaceus
Post-clipping alopecia
Sebaceous adenitis
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada, (VKH uveodermatologic syndrome)

Alaskan Malamute
Eosinophilic granuloma - oral
Post-clipping alopecia
Wooly syndrome
Zinc-responsive dermatopathy

American Bulldog
Actinic dermatitis
Squamous cell carcinoma

Basset Hound
Hair follicle tumors
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)

Bearded Collie
Black hair follicular dysplasia
Flank alopecia

Beauceron
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa

Belgian Tervuren
Vitiligo

Bernese Mountain Dogs
Histiocytosis

Boston Terrier
Demodicosis (demodectic mange)
Pattern baldness
Pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH)

Boxer
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Demodicosis (ringworm)
Mast cell tumor
Flank alopecia
Nodular dermatofibrosis
Pattern baldness
Urticaria

Bouvier de Flandres
Flank alopecia

Bullmastiff
Callus & interdigital pyoderma
Otitis externa (ear infections)
Recurrent staphylococcal pyoderma

Bull Terrier
Demodicosis (severe, chronic)
Lethal acrodermatitis
Solar dermatitis and furunculosis (white)
Tail chasing and mutilation (colored)

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Chiari-like malformation
Ichthyosis

Chihuahua
Pattern baldness
Pinnal vasculopathy
Post-rabies vaccine panniculitis

Chinese Shar-Pei
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Cutaneous mucinosis
Demodicosis (demodectic mange)
Fold dermatitis
Food allergy
Histiocytomas, multiple
Hypothyroidism
Idiopathic seborrhea
IgA deficiency
Otitis externa (ear infection)
Pemphigus foliaceus
Shar pei fever
Staphylococcal folliculitis (bacterial dermatitis, bacterial skin infection)

Chow Chow
Alopecia X
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Demodicosis
Food allergy
Hypothyroidism
Pemphigus foliaceus
Post-clipping alopecia

Cocker Spaniel
Hypothyroidism
Lip fold dermatitis
Otitis (ear infection)
Primary seborrhea 
sebaceous nodular hyperplasia
Vitamin-A responsive seborrhea

Collie
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)
Dermatomyositis
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Ulcerative dermatosis of collies and shelties

Curly-Coated Retriever
Follicular dysplasia

Dachshund
Color dilution alopecia
Ear margin seborrhea
Interdigital dermatitis
Juvenile cellulitis
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)
Pemphigus foliaceus
Pattern baldness
Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH)
Pinnal vasculopathy
Recurrent staphylococcal pyoderma (bacterial dermatitis, bacterial skin infection)
Sterile nodular panniculitis

Dalmatian
Actinic dermatitis
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Solar dermatitis (black spot necrosis)
Food allergy
Recurrent staphylococcal pyoderma (bacterial dermatitis, bacterial skin infection)
Squamous cell carcinoma

Doberman
Acral lick dermatitis
Canine acne
Color dilution alopecia
Flank sucking
Hypothyroidism
Ichthyosis
Sulfonamide hypersensitivity
Vitiligo

Dogue de Bordeaux
Footpad hyperkeratosis

English Bulldog
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Demodicosis (demodectic mange)
Flank alopecia
Fold and interdigital dermatitis

English Springer Spaniel
Ichthyosis
Lichenoid-psoriasiform dermatitis

Eskimo Spitz
Pemphigus foliaceus
Post-clipping alopecia
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH)

French Bulldog
Flank alopecia

German Shepherd Dog
Calcinosis circumscripta
Familial cutaneous vasculopathy
Focal metatarsal fistulae
Food allergy
German shepherd pyoderma
Lupoid onychodystrophy
Nodular dermatofibrosis
Perianal fistula

German Short-Haired Pointer
Acral mutilation syndrome
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa
Flank alopecia
Exfoliative cutaneous lupus erythematosus

Golden Retriever
Acral lick dermatitis
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Histiocytosis
Hot spots
Hypothyroidism
Ichthyosis
Juvenile cellulitis
Nodular dermatofibrosis

Great Dane
Acral lick dermatitis
Calcinosis circumscripta
Callus, chin & interdigital pyoderma
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita
Ichthyosis

Greyhound
Actinic dermatitis
Actinic hemangioma
Color dilution alopecia
Idiopathic cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (Alabama rot)
Pattern baldness

Griffon Korthal
Flank alopecia

Himalayan
Dermatophytosis (ringworm)
Granulomatous dermatophytosis
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Irish Terrier
Footpad hyperkeratosis

Irish Setter
Acral lick dermatitis
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Hypothyroidism
Ichthyosis
Recurrent staphylococcal pyoderma (bacterial dermatitis, bacterial skin infection)

Irish Water Spaniel
Follicular dysplasia

Italian Greyhound
Actinic dermatitis
Actinic hemangiomas
Color dilution alopecia
Pattern baldness

Jack Russell Terrier
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Familial vasculitis
Ichthyosis

Keeshond
Alopecia X
Keratoacanthoma - multiple
Post-clipping alopecia

Kerry Blue Terrier
Spinulosus

Labrador Retriever
Acral lick dermatitis
Food allergy
Interdigital furunculosis
Juvenile cellulitis
Lipomas
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)
Mast cell tumor

Lhasa Apso
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)
Sebaceous adenitis
Post-rabies vaccine panniculitis

Manchester Terrier
Pattern baldness

Miniature Pinscher
Pattern baldness

Norwegian Elkhound
Keratoacanthomas - multiple
Post-clipping alopecia

Papillon
Black hair follicular dysplasia

Pit Bull - White
Actinic dermatitis with furunculosis
Squamous cell carcinoma
Demodicosis (demodectic mange)
Interdigital furunculosis
Lick granuloma

Pomeranian
Alopecia X
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)

Poodle - Standard
Sebaceous adenitis

Portuguese Water Dog
Follicular dysplasia

Rhodesian Ridgeback
Acral lick dermatitis
Dermoid cysts
Flank alopecia

Rottweiler
Callus and interdigital pyoderma
Ichthyosis
Lupoid onychodystrophy
Vitiligo

Saluki
Black hair follicular dysplasia
Color dilution alopecia

Samoyed
Alopecia X
Eosinophilic granuloma - oral
Post-clipping alopecia
Sebaceous adenitis
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada, (VKH uveodermatologic syndrome)

Schipperke
Pemphigus foliaceus

Schnauzer (All Sizes)
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Aurotrichia (Mini)
Flank alopecia
Schnauzer comedone syndrome

Scottish Terrier
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Nasal vasculopathy

Shetland Sheepdog
Dermatomyositis
Vesicular cutaneous lupus erythematosus (Ulcerative dermatosis of collies and shelties)

Shih Tzu
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)
Post-rabies vaccine panniculitis
Traction alopecia

Siberian Husky
Alopecia X
Eosinophilic granuloma - oral
Post-clipping alopecia
Zinc-responsive dermatopathy
Wooly syndrome

Silky Terrier
Short hair syndrome
Sphinx
Hereditary alopecia
Urticaria pigmentosa

Vizsla
Sebaceous adenitis

Weimaraner
Pattern baldness

West Highland White Terrier
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Ichthyosis
Malassezia dermatitis (yeast dermatitis)
Primary seborrhea (epidermal dysplasia)

Whippet
Actinic dermatitis
Actinic hemangioma
Color dilution alopecia

Yorkshire Terrier
Atopy (atopic dermatitis, allergies)
Color dilution alopecia
Dermatophytosis (ringworm)
Melanoderma and alopecia
Post-rabies vaccine panniculitis
Traction alopecia



 
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