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VSPN CE Course TECH242-1014: Anemia in Small Animals - It's Not Only About Bleeding!
Audio and Text: In some of the course Real Time Sessions the lecture will be predominantly text with audio used to answer questions.

Instructor(s): Kenichiro Yagi, BS, RVT, VTS (ECC, SAIM)
Course Open: October 30-November 30, 2014
Real Time Sessions (RTS): Thursdays, November 6, 13 and 20, 2014; 9-10:30pm ET (USA)
Course RTS Times in Your Area: World Clock Converter

Practice Sessions: In order to prepare you for a successful experience in your CE course, we request you attend a Practice Session prior to the first Real Time Session. Please arrive promptly at the start time; each Practice Session is up to 1 hour in length. For more information, please visit the CE Practice Area.

*The instructors for this course will be using audio which will require you to have a headset or speakers to listen. If you have any concerns regarding your computer's audio capabilities, please be sure to attend one of the Practice Sessions.

Level and Prerequisites: This intermediate course is designed for veterinary technicians that are seeking in-depth knowledge about anemia or are working toward a specialty certification in emergency/critical care or small animal internal medicine.
VSPN CE Course: This course has been submitted for RACE approval for veterinary technicians only. The Veterinary Information Network (VIN) is RACE Provider #22.

Course Description:
Anemia, most accurately described, is a deficiency in oxygen carrying capacity of the blood due to a reduction in the circulating red cell mass. Anemia is caused by various diseases, many of them resulting in the patient requiring immediate attention. This course is designed to provide firm understanding of concepts surrounding anemia such as erythropoiesis, causes of anemia, evaluation of an anemic patient, and treatment, which will help a veterinary professional make practical choices in influencing patient outcome.

This course consists of three (3) Real Time Sessions of ninety (90) minutes each, supplemental library materials, interactive message board discussions, a mandatory end-of-course test, and may include online multiple choice quizzes (after each Real Time Session). Successful completion (scoring 80% or better) on the end-of-course test is required to earn a certificate of completion for the course.

*The lecture portion of this course will be combine text and audio presentation, please be prepared to listen. *To learn more about the requirements for earning a CE certificate, please refer to Receiving Your CE Credit and Course Completion Certificate.

Upon completion of this course, the participant should be able to Course Materials: Course materials will be available in the course library prior to each Real Time Session.

Required Textbook(s): There is no required textbook for this course.

Recommended Textbook(s):

About the Instructor: Kenichiro Yagi started in the field as a volunteer in 1995 and graduated from UC Davis with a bachelor's degree in Animal Science. Ken has pursued a career in veterinary medicine as a critical care technician and educator. He currently is employed at Adobe Animal Hospital in Los Altos, CA as an ICU Supervisor and the Blood Bank Manager, part-time faculty at Foothill College, and is a trainer for PetED Veterinary Education and Training Resources. Ken serves as a co-chair of the Nursing Standards Committee for the Academy of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Technicians, is the NAVTA State Representative Committee chair, and is enrolled in a MS program in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery at the University of Missouri. He presents as a speaker at regional and international conferences and publishes on topics in critical care, transfusion medicine, respiratory therapy, and critical care nursing. Ken invites everyone to ask the question of "Why?" to understand the reasons behind the "What" and "How" of our field.

Course Outline:
Week 1 (Real Time Session November 6): Oxygen Delivery and Oxygen Carrying Capacity
Content: Shock has two faces. Blood flow reaching tissues, or perfusion, and oxygen carrying capacity governing the ability for the blood to deliver oxygen. Together, cellular energy production is supported, preventing states of shock. The presence of adequate hemoglobin and its ability to carry and unload oxygen is vital, yet can be compromised in various ways. We will explore hypoxemic shock, its causes, and treatments. In the first session, principles of oxygen delivery in relation to oxygen carrying capacity will be covered.

Week 2 (Real Time Session November 13): Specific Diseases of Hemorrhage and Erythropoietic Dysfunction
Content: One of the most common causes of anemia is due to an increased rate of red blood cell loss. Blood can be lost through internal or external hemorrhaging of various causes including sources of trauma and coagulation disorders. Anemia can result from erythropoietic dysfunction, or a reduced production of red blood cells. Loss of production can result from medullary (within bone marrow) or extramedullary (outside of bone marrow) reasons, eventually leading to anemia. In the second session specific disorders leading to hemorrhaging and loss of RBC production, their pathophysiology, treatment, and nursing care will be addressed.

Week 3 (Real Time Session November 20): Specific Diseases of Hemolysis and Hemoglobin Dysfunction
Content: Various types of defects in RBCs can cause an increased rate of destruction leading to anemia. Hemolysis can be intravascular (destruction of RBC within the blood stream), extravascular (phagocytosis by macrophages by the mononuclear phagocyte system), or both. Oxygen carrying capacity can be compromised even when there is enough RBC mass. Specific disorders leading to significant hemolysis and dysfunctional hemoglobin species, their pathophysiology, treatment, and nursing care will be addressed.

CE Credits: 4.5

Tuition: $90 ($81 early bird special if enrolled by October 16, 2014)

* Students currently enrolled in and taking at least 2 classes or 5 units at an AVMA accredited or CAAHT approved Veterinary Technician Program may be eligible to receive a 50% discount off the regular rate for this course (upon verification of student status).
*To ensure participants are ready and prepared for classes, enrollment will close at 5 pm ET November 6, 2014, or when the maximum number of participants is reached.
*For more information on how online CE works, see the Participant Resource Center.

To Enroll:
  1. Enrollment qualifications: VIN CE courses are open to VIN member and non-member veterinarians. Veterinarians enrolling in a VSPN CE course must be a VIN member. Veterinary support staff must be a VSPN member to enroll in a VSPN CE or a VIN CE course open to VSPN member enrollment.
  2. Each enrollee must be able to receive emails from and addresses. Email is our major form of communication with participants; personal emails are highly recommended rather than clinic/hospital email addresses.
  3. Each person is individually responsible for his/her own registration. To ensure that all information received is secure and correct, please do not enroll for a course on behalf of another individual.
  4. For further assistance call 800-846-0028, ext. 792 or email Please include the course title, your full name, and contact information in your correspondence.
*Note: "This course is submitted for approval for ##CREDITS## continuing education credits in jurisdictions which recognize AAVSB RACE approval; however participants should be aware that some boards have limitations on the number of hours accepted in certain categories and/or restrictions on certain methods of delivery of continuing education." Call VSPN CE at 800-846-0028, ext. 792 for further information. (Attendees are encouraged to check with their licensing jurisdiction(s) for information regarding recognition by their board).

Course withdrawal and refund policy: A complete refund of the paid course price will be issued when your withdrawal request is received prior to the listed start date of the course. If you wish to withdraw after the start date please contact the VSPN office 800-846-0028, ext. 792 to discuss eligibility for a pro-rated refund.
* Note: To ensure rapid handling of your request for withdrawal, we recommend that you call the VSPN office at 800-846-0028, ext. 792.

*For more information on VSPN's upcoming CE courses, check the VSPN Course Catalog.

The CE team:

Charlotte Waack, RVT, CVT
VSPN Director/VSPN CE Interim Director

VSPN CE Services:
800-846-0028 or 530-756-4881; ext. 792
or direct line to VIN/VSPN from the United Kingdom: 01452226154

800.700.4636  |  |  530.756.4881  |  Fax: 530.756.6035
777 West Covell Blvd, Davis, CA 95616

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