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The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine practice
Volume 37 | Issue 2 (August 2021)

Managing Reproduction Emergencies in the Field: Part 2: Parturient and Periparturient Conditions.

Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. August 2021;37(2):367-405.
Kristina G Lu1, Kim A Sprayberry2
1 Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, 4250 Iron Works Pike, Lexington, KY 40511, USA.; 2 Department of Animal Sciences, Cal Poly University San Luis Obispo, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA. Electronic address:
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Selected conditions affecting broodmares are discussed, including arterial rupture, dystocia, foal support with ex utero intrapartum treatment, uterine prolapse, postpartum colic, the metritis/sepsis/systemic inflammatory response syndrome complex, and retained fetal membranes. Postpartum colic beyond third-stage labor contractions should prompt comprehensive evaluation for direct injuries to the reproductive tract or indirect injury of the intestinal tract. Mares with perforation or rupture of the uterus are typically recognized 1 to 3 days after foaling, with depression, fever, and leukopenia; laminitis and progression to founder can be fulminant. The same concerns are relevant in mares with retention of fetal membranes.

Dystocia; Hemorrhage; Metritis; Prolapse; Retained membranes; SIRS; Shock; Uterine;

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Archives Highlights:
Managing Reproduction Emergencies in the Field: Part 1: Injuries in Stallions; Injury of the External Portion of the Reproductive Tract and Gestational Conditions in the Mare.
Priapism, paraphimosis, trauma to the scrotum and testicles, and penile injury are discussed. In mares, traumatic vestibular injury, placentitis, hydropsic conditions, prepubic tendon and abdominal wall compromise, and uterine torsion are included.
Top 5 Breed-Specific Considerations to Avoid Adverse Drug Effects
The physical characteristics of certain dog breeds can provide clues for breed-specific susceptibility to certain adverse drug reactions. Genotyping for specific variants can be used to inform appropriate drug selection and/or dosage modifications.
Canine Cesarean Section
Cesarean section is the treatment of choice if medical management of dystocia fails or is contraindicated, or if there are signs of fetal distress or maternal exhaustion.
Dentigerous cysts with exostosis of the temporal bone in horses – A new variant diagnosed by computed tomography
The dentigerous cyst or temporal teratoma in horses is a well-known congenital malformation that occurs in the temporal region and usually contains dental tissue. This case report describes two horses with a previously unreported variant of the dentigerous cyst associated with an exostosis arising from the temporal bone.
Canine hypothyroidism: avoiding over diagnosing the condition
The clinical signs of hypothyroidism are vague and non-specific, as are the routine haematological and biochemical changes. When assessing the thyroid axis, the classical finding of decreased total thyroxine and increased thyroid-stimulating hormone is highly specific for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism, but has less good sensitivity.

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