Long-Term Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Renal, Liver and Muscles Parameters in Healthy Dogs
Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is used for rehabilitation and treatment of some conditions in human patients. However, safe WBVE protocols must be investigated to prevent deleterious conditions, particularly in long-term WBVE. Studies regarding effects of long-term WBVE in dogs are poor in the literature.
The aim of the study was to investigate the long-term effects of WBVE on serum biochemistry (renal, liver and muscle parameters) in adult healthy dogs.
Ten clinically healthy beagle dogs, three females and seven males, aged from 1 to 5 years, weighing from 8 to 14 kg were evaluated. Exclusion criteria included use of medications or supplement, or previous surgical treatment. The dogs were standing up on all four feet on a vibrating platform, with sessions of 30 Hz for 5 min, followed by 50 Hz for 5 min and finishing with 30 Hz for 5 min; this was performed once a day for 5 days. The velocity and amplitude of the vibration platform were 12–40 m/s2 and 1.7–2.5 mm, respectively. Jugular blood samples were collected, before and immediately after the WBVE session, 1 and 6 hours after the end of each session for five days, and 24 hours and 48 hours after the last WBVE session. Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, serum total protein were the data analyzed.
The data analyzed did not show significant variation during the study.
In conclusion, the protocol adopted was considered adequate in relation to renal, liver and muscle serum biochemistry parameters.