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Reference Style Guide
October 12, 2012 (published)
Peggy Hall; Charlotte Waack; Debbie Friedler

Below are some guidelines for creating a list of references or a bibliography for a VIN presentation or publication.

Content

For further guidelines on items that may not be covered in this list, please refer to Citing Medicine - the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 2nd Ed. 2007.


Journal Articles

Note: When abbreviating journal names, use abbreviations provided in PubMed's Online List of Serials. To find these abbreviations,

  1. Visit the PubMed's Journals Database.
  2. Click on Limits.
  3. Check the box labeled "Currently indexed in MEDLINE".
  4. Then click on the GO button.

Example (1-3 authors):
Harkin KR, Roshto YM, Sullivan JT. Clinical application of polymerase chain reaction assay for diagnosis of leptospirosis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003;222(10):1224-29.

Example (More than 3 authors):
Syme HM, Markwell PJ, Pfeiffer D, et al. Survival of cats with naturally occurring chronic renal failure is related to severity of proteinuria. J Vet Intern Med. 2006;20(2):528-31.

Examples (Organization, government agency, or committee as author):
American Veterinary Medicine Association. Control of canine influenza in dogs.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;226(12):1310.

Department Homeland Security (DHS). Record of decision for the National bio and Agro-Defense Facility environmental impact statement. Fed Regist. 2009;74:3065-80.

Example (Abstract published in Journal):
Worwag S, Langston CE. Retrospective on acute renal failure in cats [abstract]. J Vet Intern Med. 2004;18(2):416.

Example (Letter published in Journal):
Barthel CH. Questions on choice of location for new research center [letter]. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009;248(8):1005.

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Books

Example (Entire Book, single or multiple authors):
Yanoff M, Fine BS. Ocular Pathology. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott; 1988.

Example (Entire Book, single or multiple editors):
Morgan RV (ed). Handbook of Small Animal Practice. 5th ed. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier; 2008.

Example (Chapter, appendix or free-standing table in a book by same author(s)):
Slatter DS. Principles of ophthalmic surgery. In: Fundamentals of Veterinary Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2001:124-46.

Slatter DS. Breed predisposition to eye disorders [Appendix I]. In: Fundamentals of Veterinary Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2001:609-16.

Example (Chapter, appendix or free-standing table in an edited book):
Ettinger SJ, Cote E, Schwark WS. Drug formulary [Table VI-1]. In: Cote E (ed).
Clinical Veterinary Advisor - Dogs and Cats. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:1595-1657.

Moore LE. Diseases of the stomach. In: Morgan RV (ed). Handbook of Small Animal Practice. 5th ed. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:339-49.

Morgan RV. Normal physiologic values [Appendix I]. In: Morgan RV (ed). Handbook of Small Animal Practice. 5th ed. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:1269-73.

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Proceedings and Meeting Presentations

Example (Paper, poster or abstract from printed proceedings):
Crowe DT. A common abdominal emergency: hemo-abdomen in trauma. Proceed 9th Atlantic Coast Vet Conf. Atlantic City NJ; 2008:114-18.

Davis RK, Sullivan DA. Assessment of mucin content in bottlenose dolphin tears [poster]. Proceed 39th Conf Am Coll Vet Ophthalmol. Boston MA; 2008:71.

Maggio F, Pirie CG, Pizziran S. Stop and chop phacoemulsification technique for canine cataracts using a single incision and Akahoshi phaco prechopper [abstract]. Proceed 39th Conf Am Coll Vet Ophthalmol. Boston MA; 2008:54.

Example (Unpublished meeting presentation):
Pion PD. Current usage trends on VIN. 4th Annual Conf Am Vet Pract Managers. Davis CA; Jun 15-17, 2007.

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Periodical or Magazine Articles

Examples:
Cooper H. One Obama search ends with a puppy named Bo. New York Times (New York ed.); Apr 13, 2005: Sect B:3.

Harrison B. Homeopathy for animals - llama stories: how homeopathy helped them get back on track. Clearwater FL: Homeopathy Today; 2004(9):46-7.

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Brochures

Example (No author):
What you should know about buying a horse. Schaumburg IL: American Veterinary Medical Association; Mar 2007.

Example (One or more authors):
AVMA Task Force on Vaccinations. What you should know about vaccinations. Schaumburg IL: American Veterinary Medical Association; Jun 2008.

Smith T. Chronic wasting disease: an update. Schaumburg IL: American Veterinary Medical Association; Sept 2008.

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Electronic Media and Internet Sources

Use the same punctuation and style as above based on the source and type of information. Provide the following information:

  • Author name(s),
  • Name of article on website,
  • Name of website or sponsoring organization,
  • url for website (e.g. http://www.abcd.org),
  • date published if available,
  • page numbers if available and
  • date accessed.

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VIN References and Materials

Mark Kittleson. Thromboembolic diseases. In: Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. Veterinary Information Network. https://beta.vin.com/Members/Proceedings/Proceedings.plx?CID=SACARDIO&PID=11430&O=VIN; Apr 2006 (accessed May 17, 2008).

Wolf AM. Gingivitis/stomatitis in the cat. Proceed 15th Europ Coll Vet Intern Med - Compan Anim Congr. https://beta.vin.com/Members/Proceedings/Proceedings.plx?CID=ecvim2005&PID=pr10368&O=VIN; Sept 2005 (accessed May 23, 2006).

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