Restraint and Physical Examination of Captive Formosan Reeve’s Muntjacs (Muntiacus reevesi micrurus)
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Conference 2006
Joe J. C. Guo, BVM; Jason S. C. Chin, DVM
Animal Medical Center, Taipei Zoo, Taipei, Taiwan


To restrain animals safely is always a troublesome topic for wildlife researchers and veterinarians. The high mortality rate of Formosan Reeve’s muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi micrurus) after restraint and anesthesia has been perplexing. The Taipei Zoo has recently created protocols for health examinations of the Formosan Reeve’s muntjac to assist with disease prevention, establishment of animal identification, physiologic databases, and other research requests. The purpose of this paper is to outline restraint methods and physical examination of these animals according to our experience. Seventy-two individuals were examined in 2003. These examination protocols included the following stages: animal management and working group/instrument preparation before operation; proceeding restraint/anesthesia and physical examination items during operation; observation, treatment, and laboratory analysis post operation. We collected the following physiologic data during the procedures: body weight, breath rate, heart rate, blood oxygen ratio, and immobilizing drugs according to gender and age. After establishing examination protocols, we were able to increase animal safety during procedures. We hope the restraint and physical examination protocols and physiologic analysis will not only provide assistance for animal management, medical treatment and research in captivity, but will be helpful for wild muntjac researchers.

Literature Cited

1.  Delahay RJ, De Leeuw AN, Claridge M, Harris A, Cheeseman CL, Barlow AM, et al. First report of Mycobacterium bovis in a muntjac deer. Vet Rec. 2001;149(3):95–96.

2.  Chapman NG, Claydon K, Claydon M, Harris S. Techniques for the safe and humane capture of free-living muntjac deer (Muntiacus reevesi). Br Vet J. 1987;143:35–43.

3.  Seal U, Bush M. Capture and chemical immobilization of cervids. In: Wemmer C, ed. Biology and Management of Cervidae. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Press; 1987:443–449.


Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

Joe J.C. Guo, BVM
Animal Medical Center
Taipei Zoo
Taipei, Taiwan

MAIN : All : Restraint & PE of Captive Formosan Reeve's Muntjacs
Powered By VIN