A Fatal Case of Herpesvirus papio 2 in a Black and White Colobus Monkey (Colobus guereza)
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Conference 2007
Brigid V. Troan1; Ludmila Perelygina2; Irina Patrusheva2; Arnaud van Wettere3; Julia Hilliard2; Michael Loomis1; Ryan De Voe1
1North Carolina Zoological Park, Asheboro, NC, USA; 2Viral Immunology Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA; 3Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA


Herpesvirus papio 2 (HVP-2) was diagnosed in an eastern black and white colobus monkey that was presented for acute onset of ataxia and inappetence, which rapidly progressed to apnea followed by fatal cardiac arrest. During the clinical course of the disease, abnormalities were limited to a precipitous decline in white cell numbers and a spinal tap consistent with an acute viral infection (marked lymphohistiocytic inflammation). At necropsy, there were numerous petechiae within the white matter tracts of the brain; microscopic lesions of acute multifocal necrosis and hemorrhage with prominent inclusion body formation in the brain and adrenal gland were strongly indicative of an acute herpesvirus infection. A specific etiologic diagnosis of HVP-2 was made based on serology, PCR of postmortem tissues, live virus isolation from the lung, and identification of the virus in histologic lesions with immunocytochemistry. Phylogenetic tree analysis grouped the colobus monkey isolate of HVP-2 with neuroinvasive strains of the virus. This virus was naturally transmitted to the colobus monkey from a nearby colony of baboons, the natural host of HVP-2. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first documented case of natural transmission of HVP-2 from a baboon to a non-host species. HVP-2 should be considered a differential in cases of acute encephalopathy in animals, particularly primates, exposed to baboons.

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Speaker Information
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Brigid V. Troan
North Carolina Zoological Park
Asheboro, NC, USA

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