I. Santos1; A. Melchert2; P. Okamoto2; F. Souza2; M. Lourenço2; L. Machado2
The knowledge of prevalence of cat disorders is essential to improve understanding and supporting clinicians when listing differential diagnoses and health control strategies in specific geographical location. Information concerning to demographics of cat disorders in Brazil is lacking in the literature.
The objective was to assess the prevalence of the most common disorders recorded in cats attended in veterinary school hospital (HV), School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (FMVZ, Botucatu), University Estadual Paulista (UNESP), São Paulo, Brazil.
Methods used were clinical records between 2011 and 2014, and the cats came from Botucatu city, São Paulo and their regions.
One thousand and forty-eight (1,048) cats were diagnosed with clinical disorders by two veterinarian, and the most prevalent disorders were urinary diseases (n=441; prevalence, 42.08%), digestive diseases (n=302; prevalence, 28.82%), respiratory diseases (n=106; prevalence 10.11%), dermatological disorders (n=72; prevalence 6.87%), intoxications (n=42; prevalence 4.01%), cardiovascular diseases (n=35; prevalence 3.34%), endocrine disorders (n=15; prevalence 1.43%), and neurological disorders (n=9; prevalence 0,86%). The most prevalent disorder groups recorded was mixed disorders (respiratory/digestive) (n=16; prevalence 1.53%), digestive/dermatological disorder and digestive/urinary disorders (n=4; prevalence 0.38%), and cardiovascular/urinary disorders (n=2; prevalence 0.19%).
Each of these disorders can be associated with another disease and the most of the diagnosis was performed by clinical signs and laboratory examination as hemogram, blood serum biochemistry, and image diagnoses. Veterinarians could use these results to focus their differential diagnoses, health control strategies, prophylactic efforts, and demographic and clinical feline studies towards the most prevalent feline disorders in São Paulo, Brazil.