Multifactorial Treatment to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders in Dogs
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2006
M. Pifarré i Olivé, L. Centrich i Pons
ETOVET S.C., C/ Francesc Jofre, St. Feliu de Guíxols, Spain

Poor welfare can cause the execution of abnormal behaviour and it can appear compulsive disorders. They are more difficult to solve when they are chronic, when the animal spends many time carrying out the abnormal behaviour, when the environmental attention is reduced or when it separates the abnormal behaviour from the initial trigger. Usually, the treatment of these disorders is symptomatic because in many cases we don't know the trigger or if we know them, we can't remove them. To treat these cases we propose five points where we can make an incision in: (1) Pharmacologic treatment: it can help us to maintain the dog less reactive to exterior trigger stimuli. (2) To prevent the conflict situation: the approach of the cause, the hour of the day, the place, the previous behaviour and change the situation. (3) To stop conflicting situations: adverse stimuli or stimuli which hinder the abnormal behaviour. (4) Don't promote conflicting situations: prevent the relation between abnormal behaviour and positive stimuli. (5) General habits: to create a fixed routine of life, stable life environment, walk and food habits. To optimize the treatment of obsessive disorders the trigger should be removed. As this can't be possible, we can see results in the interaction between all the parts of the palliative treatment. In chronic cases the application of just one point doesn't cause long-term improvement. For this reason the owner's implication is essential to carry out the conjunction of all the points, otherwise the treatment is doomed to fail.

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M. Pifarré i Olivé
C/ Francesc Jofre
St. Feliu de Guíxols, Spain

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