A Safe and Cost Effective Oral Care Regime to Control Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease in the Northern Sea Otter (Enhydra lutrislutris)
IAAAM 1999
Skip J.F. Young1; David G. Huff1; James M.G. Anthony2
1Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre and 2Pacific Dental Service for Animals
Vancouver, BC, Canada


This study is an evaluation of a novel approach to oral health in captive northern sea otters. Prior to the study no oral care was provided. The animals' diets contained a daily combination of shucked butter and surf clams, cod fillets, occasional whole crab and shrimp. Oral evaluation of all subject animals revealed to have advanced periodontal disease with severe calculus accumulation, deep periodontal pockets (9-10 mm) and a grade 2 + mobility some molars. A daily long-term preventative program for oral hygiene was developed by combining the mechanical and chemical agents of ice cubes with 0.5 ml of CHX-Guard LA (long acting zinc chlorhexidate gel by VRx Products, Harbor City, CA 90710), following initial periodontal treatments (root planing). The animals were re-evaluated 6, 12, 18, and 24 months later on their oral health and were found not to have periodontal disease nor gingivitis. Thus, oral health has been improved and has reduced the animals risk management with minimal cost and labor involvement.

Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

Skip J.F. Young
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre
Vancouver, BC, Canada

MAIN : Poster Session : Oral Care Regime
Powered By VIN