Evaluation and Surgical Treatment of Sacroiliac Fracture-Luxations in 28 Cats and 25 Dogs
Sacroiliac luxation (SIL) is an orthopaedic problem due to the deformation of the joint surface between ala ossis ilium and sacral wings. Pelvic fractures can be frequently seen on dogs and cats with SIL due to geometric structure of pelvis and insufficient musculotendinous forces of the bones.
The aim of this study is to evaluate sacroiliac fractureluxations clinically and radiographically, to treat with uni- or bilateral screw fixation and to describe surgical outcomes in cats and dogs. The material of this study are 28 cats and 25 dogs with complaints of pain, reluctant moving one or two hind limbs and/or dragging the hind limbs.
Ventrodorsal radiographs are taken and sacroiliac fracture-luxations and pelvic fractures are examined and surgery is advised. Uni- or bilateral sacroiliac screw fixations are performed surgically. Pelvic fractures are stabilized to the anatomical realignment of cases’ by pin and/or K-wire fixation.
Mean age of the cats was 3.25±1.53 years and the dogs was 3.08±2.15 years. Mean body weight was 3.73±0.54 kg for cats, 18.76±11.11 kg for dogs. Sacroiliac luxations were unilateral in 8 cats and 15 dogs; bilateral in 20 cats and 10 dogs. According to postoperative clinical and radiographical outcomes, screw and pin stabilization is found satisfactory.
In conclusion, the cases are successfully treated by pin/screw application without any complication (implant failure, nerve injury, etc.) during postoperative period and well-tolerated to the surgery.