Cell Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Banja Luka, Bosnia–Herzegovina; 2
Veterinary Medicine, MIM Coop, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina; 3
Department of Veterinary, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad, Serbia; 4
International Baccalaureate Diploma Programe, JU Gimnazija Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Chronic renal failure (CRF) generates reduced erythropoietin synthesis in kidneys and hematological parameter change at cats. In our paper, we have examined the effect of special food for cats diseased by CRF on their hematological status.
Objective of this paper is comparing hematological parameters of cats diseased by CRF and were fed with special food; cats diseased by CRF and not been fed with special food; and cats who were completely healthy.
The research included 80 cats in total, divided into three groups: diseased by CRF and fed by special food (Group 1, total=20), diseased by CRF and not been fed by special food (Group 2, total=20) and cats who were completely healthy (Control group, total=40). Hematological parameters which were used, are: red blood cells, platelet and total leucocyte count and differential leucocyte ratio, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, creatinine and urea ratio. Our study lasted three years.
Data were analyzed statistically by T-test (p<0,05), and Pearson’s correlation coefficient test. Mean values of hematological parameters in Group 2 have statistically significant difference in relation to the same mean values of parameters in Group 1 and Control group cats. Statistically significant difference in parameters between Group 1 and Control group cats wasn’t existing. Widening discrepancy in mean values just so happens that the creatinine (p=0,0030) and red blood cells (p=0,0050).
These compared results indicate the importance of consuming special food for cats diseased by CRF to improve their health quality. Special food recovers cat’s kidneys diseased by CRF.