Successful Treatment of Sepsis Using Combined Intravenous and Oral Administration of Antibiotics in a Zebra Bullhead Shark (Heterodontus zebra) at the S.E.A. Aquarium, RWS: A Case Report
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2015
K. Sahatrakul; C. Torno; H. Tan; B. Kwek; A. Lopez
Animal Health and Research, Marine Life Park, Singapore, Singapore

A juvenile, captive, male zebra bullhead shark (Heterodontus zebra) at the S.E.A. Aquarium, Resorts World Sentosa (RWS) in Singapore was observed to be emaciated, dehydrated, and lethargic on 28 May, 2013. There were diffuse, petechial hemorrhages on the ventral surface of the body and pectoral fins; and markedly red discoloration around cloacal area. Blood collected from the caudal vein revealed leukocytosis. Ceftriaxone, at 30 mg kg-1 slow IV q72h (with 5 ml of elasmobranch-balanced salt solution) x 5D, was administered. Commercially prepared feed (Mazuri® Shark/Ray meal 5D2Q) was given daily via feeding tube with enrofloxacin, at 10 mg kg-1 PO x 7D. After treatment with enrofloxacin, the shark was tube fed with 20 ml of blended food BID x 10D. The animal started to feed on its own at 21 days. However, blood results revealed anemia. Oral iron supplementation was administered to correct anemia. Full recovery (i.e., absence of cutaneous hemorrhages, and normal packed cell volume and total WBC) was observed at 45 days.


Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

K. Sahatrakul
Animal Health and Research
Marine Life Park
Singapore, Singapore

MAIN : Exotics : Treatment of Sepsis in Zebra Bullhead Shark
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.


777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616


  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357