Comorbidities in Obese Dogs
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2015
A. Melchert; P.T.C.G. Okamoto; M.D. Gomes; V. Genari
Veterinary Clinical Department, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Botucatu, Brazil

Obesity is one of the most frequent nutritional problems in dogs. Obese dogs have a decreased life span and multiple metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comorbidities in obese dogs admitted at School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Unesp/Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. Thirty-eight obese dogs were evaluated. Obesity was diagnosed based on body inspection and direct palpation. Dogs were classified according to their body condition score (BCS) using a 9-point system, in which animals that presented scores of 8 and above were considered obese. Medical conditions observed were classified into: respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiac, urinary, endocrine, dermatologic, neurologic and ophthalmologic changes, locomotor disorders and neoplasms. Of the 38 dogs, 18.4% had no pathology. Twenty eight dogs (73.7%) had an underlying disease, 5.3% with diseases in two different systems and a one dog (2.6%) had concomitant disorder in three different systems. The locomotor system was most affected in 21% of the obese dogs. Neoplasms occurred in 15.8%, followed by dermatological and respiratory alterations, with 10.5% each. Comorbidities in locomotor system included hip dysplasia, arthritis, patellar luxation, intervertebral disc disease and elbow dysplasia. Neoplasms included lipoma, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, hemangioma and lung metastasis. In conclusion, obese dogs have several comorbidities, predominantly locomotor changes and neoplasms. Knowledge of these characteristics can assist the clinician in the recognition and management of risk factors and diseases associated with obesity in dogs.


Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

A. Melchert
Veterinary Clinical Department
School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Botucatu, Brazil

MAIN : Infectious & Emerging Diseases : Comorbidities in Obese Dogs
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.


777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616


  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357