A Study of Indicators for Outcome in Dogs with Gastric Dilatation Volvulus
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2015
A. Backlund; A. Petterson; E. Floberg; U. Emanuelson; S. Jitpean; R. Hagman
Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden


Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition that carries high mortality rates despite modern treatment routines. Clinical indicators for predicting prognosis in individual dogs are warranted.


This is a retrospective study of clinical and laboratory data from 339 dogs diagnosed with GDV at the University Animal Hospital, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, from 2000 to 2014. Of the studied dogs, 135 (39.8%) died, either during treatment (7 dogs) or by euthanasia (128 dogs). Reasons for euthanasia were: recommendation by treating veterinarian based on presumed poor prognosis (21 dogs), old age (31 dogs), concurrent disease (8 dogs), economic reasons (8 dogs) and non-responsiveness or lack of improvement after initiated treatment (13 dogs). In 33 dogs no reason was noted, and in 14 dogs several reasons were described. In total, 41 dogs that died of GVD and 204 survivors were included in the mortality analysis. Fisher's exact or Chi-square tests were used to assess associations between indicator variables and mortality, with p < 0.05 used as indicating statistical significance.

When comparing survivors and non-survivors the following variables were associated with increased mortality: Severely depressed general condition, increased blood lactate levels, increased or decreased rectal temperature, and cardiac arrhythmia. Concentrations of hemoglobin, hematocrit, total white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase and creatinine did not differ significantly between the groups.


Clinical and laboratory variables may be helpful as prognostic indicators in dogs with GDV.


Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

A. Backlund
Clinical Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Uppsala, Sweden

MAIN : Soft Tissue Surgery : Gastric Dilatation Volvulus Outcome
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.


777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616



  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357