Maternal-Neonatal Pheromone Added to Cat Litter Improves Litter Box Use, and Reduces Aggression and Anxiety-Like Behaviors in Pair-Housed Cats
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2015
J. McGlone; W.G. Thompson; G.M. Pirner; K.L. Stonum
Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA

Introduction

Multi-cat households experiencing social stress may experience anxiety and aggression, and inappropriate elimination.

Objectives

This series of three studies (n = 104 cats) sought to determine if a feline urinary pheromone (3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol [3M3M]), a swine sexual-social pheromone (androstenone [AN]), or a rabbit maternal-neonatal pheromone (2-methyl-2-butenal [2M2B]) in the litter might impact these cat social behaviors and litter box use. Secondly, we determined if 2M2B would reduce social stress and anxiety in pair-housed cats.

Methods

Study 1 evaluated AN-, 3M3M-, and 3M3M + 2M2B-infused litter to determine which litter individual cats preferred to use. Study 2 compared control (CON) litter with litter infused with 2M2B to determine if 2M2B reduced anxiety-like behaviors, aggression, and improved litter box use. Study 2 tested 24 pairs of cats with CON litter for 24 h, then 2M2B litter for 24 h. Study 3 examined the behavior of eight pairs of cats given either CON or 2M2B litter over 24 h.

Results

In Study 1, cats preferred to use litter infused with 2M2B (p < 0.01) and not litter containing the other pheromones. In Study 2, 2M2B in the litter reduced (p < 0.05) anxiety-like behaviors from 21% to 12% and aggression scores from 3.00 to 1.95, and increased litter box use. In Study 3, 2M2B in the litter reduced aggressive behaviors in the first 6 h after introduction in pair-housed cats (p < 0.01).

Conclusion

2M2B-infused litter alleviated anxiety-like behaviors, reduced aggression and improved litter box use while the other pheromones were not effective.

Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

J. McGlone
Animal and Food Sciences
Texas Tech University
Lubbock, TX, USA


MAIN : Behavior : Maternal-Neonatal Pheromone Added to Cat Litter
Powered By VIN
H
E
L
P

CONTACT US

777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616

mailto:vingram@vin.com

PHONE

  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357
SAID=27