Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Insured Swedish Cats
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2015
M. Öhlund1; T. Fall2; B. Ström Holst1; H. Hansson-Hamlin1; B. Bonnett3; A. Egenvall1
1Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden; 2Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; 3B. Bonnett Consulting, Georgian Bluffs, ON, Canada

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrinopathy in cats. Most cats suffer from a diabetes similar to type 2-diabetes in humans. There are indications of an increasing incidence of diabetes in cats, as in humans, due to obesity and other lifestyle factors.

Objectives

The aim was to describe the incidence of diabetes in insured Swedish cats, and the association with different risk factors, such as breed, age and sex.

Methods

A cohort of 504,688 cats accounting for 1,229,699 cat-years at risk (CYAR) insured in a large Swedish insurance company from 2009 to 2013. We used reimbursed insurance claims for the diagnosis of diabetes in cats. Overall incidence rates and incidence rates stratified on year, sex, age and breed were estimated.

Results

The overall incidence rate of diabetes was 11.6 cases (95% CI, 11.0–12.2) per 10,000 CYAR. Male cats had twice as high incidence rate (15.4 cases/10,000 CYAR; 95% CI, 14.4–16.4) compared to females (7.6; 95% CI, 6.9–8.3). A significant association with breed was seen, with Burmese (IR 48.8; 95% CI, 31.9–65.7) and Russian Blue (IR 44.1; 95% CI, 21.0–67.2) breeds being at excess risk. No sex predisposition was found among the Burmese cats. The Bengal, Siberian, Ragdoll, Birman, British Shorthair, Persian and Maine Coon breeds were at lower risk of diabetes.

Conclusions

Our results verify that the Burmese breed is at excess risk of developing diabetes, and we also identified the Russian Blue as a novel risk breed. Incidence rates of diabetes did not increase during the years 2009–2013.

  

Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

M. Öhlund
Department of Clinical Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Uppsala, Sweden


MAIN : Oral Abstracts : Incidence of Diabetes in Insured Swedish Cats
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.

CONTACT US

777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616

vingram@vin.com

PHONE

  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357
SAID=27