The Importance of Socialization for Puppies, Kittens and Children and Bond-Centered Practice
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2014
Gen Kato, DVM
Shirokanedai, Minato, Tokyo, Japan

The establishment of the Delta Society and International Association of Human-Animal lnteraction Organizations (IAHAIO) as an international organization of global human-animal bond (HAB) research and practice, which consists of Animal Assisted Activity (AAA), Animal Assisted Education (AAE), and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) among natural science, cultural science, and social science. The mission of IAHAIO is to share globally researches and information regarding the human-animal interaction and the unique role that animals affect human welfares and qualities of lives for both humans and animals. Those accomplishments could be applied for human and animal education, welfare, and one-medicines. That means to develop research and practice of human-animal interaction internationally, above all research and recognition or discovery of sensitive period of socialization among humans, animals and environment. Development of a brain was certainly epoch-making scientific truth in 20th century. It was not possible to form modern education without understanding and development of the neurosciences (brain sciences), veterinary behavior, and veterinary and human pediatrics and psychology. Without great efforts of forerunners, we could not develop science of human-animal interaction and education among most civilized international countries today.

Through my direct conversation and question to the late Professor Leo Bustad, the former dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, he said to me clearly that animal is window of the nature. His concept of the nature has not yet been matured and recognized enough even in the Delta Society (Pet Partners) or IAHAIO, I am afraid. For me the nature means conserving environment of the earth = nature is still missing from their concepts, principles, and philosophies of both organizations even though Dr. Bustad named HAB and regarded 'animals are windows of the nature.' Ever since I had met him, I have constantly been advocating HANB (N = nature) instead of HAB whenever l had opportunities of talks and discussions about this issue, especially 6 years (1995–2001) of my days as Vice President of IAHAIO. So I finally added a word of nature to HAB as HANB. HANB has been meaning honoring humans, animals, and nature when I established an organization of J-HANBS in 2000 JAHA annual meeting in Tokyo Japan as the first IAHAIO Pacific Rim Conference of 'HAB 2000.'

Development of research on human-animal interaction leads us particularly small animal practitioners of the world have to be an interface of HANB between veterinarians and pet-owning society to understand the importance of so-called "the bond-centered practice."

As the change of lifestyles of people in any civilized countries in the world today, development of contemporary civilized society has changed living environment with 'pets or companion animals,' especially dogs and cats as a family member or a partner. The unique role and importance of existences that animals play in living with people together has also become significantly different mentally and physically for each other. Global issue of declining population in countryside and concentrating population in urban area forced our society to be more nuclear families, reduced birth rate particularly in civilized countries, increased aged people, and reduced intimacy in relationships with people, animal and nature, particularly in civilization in materialism, economism, and global capitalism today. In this social environmental shifting in civilization it was defined that an interaction of human and animal affects significant mentally and physically to both of humans, animals and nature (preservation of environment of the earth) naturally. By the researches in human animal bond centers of Washington State University, Pennsylvania University, Purdue University, University of California, Missouri State University, Texas A&M University, Tennessee University, Minnesota University, Colorado State University, etc. that have been contributing to HANS issue significantly.

The interaction between human and animal has been inevitable through history of the earth, human and animal. Humans and animals are parts of the nature; all the lives inherit DNA-gene chain continuously, never ever disrupted. Ever since birth of lives appeared on the earth, there should be an inevitable reason of unbroken bond between humans, animals, and nature. Bustad was an advocator of this internationally important research and practice. He had been "a godfather" of this particular word of "human-animal bond" and acknowledged that animals are the window of the nature. The nature means conservation of environment of the earth which will be one of the most important issues like global warming issue involving with any abnormal local weather 'wherever' in 21st century in the world.

Now we all veterinarians, particularly all small animal practitioners, have to play an important role of mission advocating of the valuable global and scientific education for children, who could be next generation of mothers and fathers, would love and cherish "human, animal, and nature." We veterinarians, particularly small animal practitioners, have to deeply understand real importance of HANS to be applied to honor humans, animals, and nature which enable us to understand importance of education scientifically for the next generation of human depend on the young people, particularly children as next generation of human who will support future of HANS for ultimate peace and love. We only understand very well the importance of education based on continuous effort of research of veterinary behavior, human behavior and socialization in sensitive period in development of brains in children, kittens, and puppies building human-animal bond for ultimate peace of the world.



Child brains develop dramatically from their birth to first 9 to 10 years (old), as well as brains of puppies and kittens have dramatic development in first 3 to 4 months because of different speed of lives depending on each species. The brain of human grows as hardware of mind by 10 years of age; the brain will develop as software throughout of their lives as far as they are healthy. In such sensitive period of socialization we all definitely need education, disciplines, and interactions of human to human, human to animal, and human to nature, ought to humanize ourselves and animalize dogs as dog and cats as cat. As the results of education to children brains = mentality create good sense of willingness and caring to others in order to prevent bullying, isolation, or neglect from adult society, school truancy or in-and-out-home violence, and cruelty in their brain development. Education of HANB should be a core to be lifelong education for their human brain as a base for unborn children and grandchildren as the next generation who would support the 'globe.'

New science of Human Animal Nature Bond, cherishing humans, animals and preservation of the environment of the earth, could contribute to biomedical sciences, veterinary medicine, and human medicine as one-medicine, social sciences and cultural sciences including education, and welfare for them so that we can keep our world in positive peace and harmony. Considering recent circumstances of the societies surrounding children, there is no better education for children other than HANB education, scientifically honoring humans, animals and preservation of the environment of the earth, through the client and social education as I believe we could make our world happier and worthwhile to be peacefully consist of co-exist. This is one of the most important roles of veterinarians, particularly small animal practitioners of the world as an interface between veterinary profession and pairs of animals and clients in bond in general societies of the world.



1.  Chart 1: Original data of Daktari Animal Hospital Tokyo Medical Center; 2007.

2.  Chart 2: Berk Laura E. Child Development. 4th ed. Allyn and Bacon; 1997: P93, P174.

3.  Chart 3: PET SCAN Data. Newsweek; 1997.

4.  CAPP data, Japanese Animal Hospital Association; 1988.

5.  Bustad Leo K. Compassion - Our Last Great Hope. 2nd ed. Delta Society; 1996.

6.  Bear MF, Connors BW, Paradiso MA. Neuroscience; Exploring the Brain. 1st ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1996.

7.  Purves D, Augustine GJ, et al. Neuroscience. 2nd ed. Sinauer; 2001.


Speaker Information
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Gen Kato, DVM
Shirokanedai, Minato, Tokyo, Japan

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