A Survey on the Frequency of Parvovirus and Distemper Infection in Referred Dogs to the Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Vet Med, University of Tehran
D. Shirani; A. Aliyari
Clinical Science Department, Faculty of Vet. Med, UT
Parvovirus is an agent inducing viral gastroenteritis and it is an endemic disease. Morbility rate is less than 20% and mortality rate is less than 5%. The most violent clinical type of disease is seen in young and growing animals (between 6 weeks to 6 months). The most important signs include diarrhea, vomiting, anorexia and melena. Canine distemper is the most common disease in carnivorous animals, with worldwide distribution. It has been more seen in young dogs (3-6 months) without maternal immunity. Morbility rate is 25-75% and mortality rate is 50-90% depend on virus strain. The most important sign include immune suppression, diarrhea, vomiting, coughing and diphasic fever. In this survey 193 blood samples were taken from referred dogs with clinical signs and the immunoblotting antigen test of CPV and CDV were taken and then analyzed blood parameters in referred dogs to Small Animal Teaching Hospital in year 1385, from 103 suspected cases to distemper, 27 positive cases was diagnosed and prevalence rate was 10.8%. On the other hand from 90 cases suspected to parvovirus, 14 positive cases were diag.
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