Investigating Annual Reproductive Hormone Patterns in Female and Male Cownose Rays
IAAAM 2009
Matt Allender1; Robert H. George2; Kim Abney3
1Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, TN, USA; 2Ripley's Aquarium of the Smokies, Gatlinburg, TN, USA; 3Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, TN, USA


Regular transcutaneous ultrasonography of female cownose stingrays (Rhinoptera bonasus) can accurately define the reproductive status using a previously described 5-stage system. Coupling ultrasonography with plasma hormone concentrations offers the ability to further define the animal's cycle and potentially predict parturition. The latter might help reduce pup mortality. The aim of this study was to correlate the ultrasonographic reproductive staging of individual rays with reproductive hormones concentrations. Blood was drawn monthly for 10 months from 20 captive female and five captive male rays and analyzed for testosterone, androstenedione, estradiol, and progesterone. Each assay was validated for use in this species. The initial 6 months of data demonstrates a directly proportional increase in estradiol with the stage of gestation. There is an increase in both progesterone and testosterone through stage 2 of gestation, followed by a decrease to baseline for the remainder of the pregnancy. No androstenedione patterns were noted in females. Males showed a significant increase in testosterone during the months of May and June, compared to the remainder of the year. The lowest concentration of estradiol in males occurred in June. Reproductive steroid analyses appear to complement ultrasonographic findings and decreases in estradiol in full-term gestation may predict parturition.

Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

Matt Allender
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences
University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine
Knoxville, TN, USA

MAIN : Applied Research : Reproductive Hormones
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.


777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616


  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357