Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Granulomatous Gastritis in African Cichlids
Granulomatous gastritis or gastroenteritis has been reported as a cause of bloat in African cichlids for more than twenty years. A number of
etiologies have been suggested including nutrition, diplomonad and microsporidian parasites and bacterial disease. The American Cichlid Association, under the
guidance and support of Florida cichlid growers, has provided funds to investigate bloat in Florida-bred and wild-caught cichlids, Pseudotropheus zebra.
Preliminary findings have identified an organism in the submucosa of gastric tissue, and occasionally, in the intestinal wall. In advanced cases large
granulomatous lesions can be visualized in wet mount preparations of gastric mucosa, and infection can be confirmed histologically. Efforts are in progress to
identify the suspect organism using special stains and transmission electron microscopy. Wild-caught fish from Lake Malawi have been imported in an effort to
determine whether the organism might be present in feral populations. Clinical findings will be presented including a retrospective analysis of cases of bloat in
African cichlids, clinical presentation of fish affected with granulomatous gastritis, diagnostic techniques, mortality patterns and response to a number of
This work was supported with a grant from the American Cichlid Association. The authors specifically wish to thank Florida Exotic Fish Sales
Inc., Homestead, FL; Old World Exotic Fish Inc., Homestead, FL and African Cichlids Inc., Sebastian FL for their support of this project.
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