Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Educational Intervention "I and My Dog Friends" for Elementary Students in Taiwan
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2007
Hsiao-Pei Tsai1; Sz-Tsen Lu2; Shu-Fang Yang3; Sao-Ling Liang1,2; Heng-Leng Yang1,2
1Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, 2Department of Veterinary Medicine, 3Veterinary Teaching Hospital, National Chiayi University
Chiayi, Taiwan

Background

Most children exhibit strong interest in animals. Experiences of interacting with pets can help children develop positive attitudes toward animals.

Aims

The purpose of this study was to set up an effective educational intervention program in order to improve elementary school students' knowledge about dogs.

Methods

"I and My Dog Friends" was designed as a step-by-step program executed with dog ambassadors. During sessions, students should have some social interaction with dog ambassadors under structured directions. Besides, a 15-minute section of verbal education, of which the topics include canine physiology, breeds and behaviors, in every class was also performed. Tests of dog-related knowledge were carried out one week before(pre-test) and after(post-test) the curriculum intervention.

Results

127 students (66 2nd graders and 61 4th graders) attended this study. The second grade students' pre- and post-test mean correct percentages were 71.04 ±14.00% and 87.04±12.64%, respectively. It showed significant improvement in second grade students (P=0.0001). The mean correct percentages of the fourth grade students between two tests were 66.12±13.61% and 83.33±14.61%. There was also significant improvement in fourth grade students (P=0.0001).

Conclusion

The effects of the educational intervention "I and My Dog Friends" on elementary students' knowledge about dogs were significant. Whether the effects were caused by verbal education only or by both verbal education and interaction with animal ambassadors needs more investigation in the future.

Speaker Information
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Hsiao-pei Tsai
Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine,National Chiayi University
Taiwan


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