PROPEDI~Lltica Applied to a Clinico Case of Neoplasia in a Poisonous Serpent (Bitis arietans arietans)
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2005
pmvz Jorge Sanchez. pmvz Martin Mendoza Gonzales
Tlalpan, Mexico

The increase of reptiles in captivity has caused the presence of diseases in serpents that give the opportunity for us to acquire clinical experience to prolong the life of the units by means of the spreading of clinical techniques or handling. In this one clinical case, we faced a species of well-known serpent like "bufaclora viper" (Bitis arietans arietans) endemic species of the African continent. Its scientific name makes reference to the used ram to demolish doors symbolizing the power of its attack sex: male, age: 15 years approx, weight: 5,350 g., length: 1,37 cm. were used methods of physical containment (herpetol6gicos instruments) and chemistry (xilacina 0,2 mg/Kg, i.m; hidrocloruro of ketamine 22 mg/kg, i.m; xilocaina 2%); and protocols of emergencies. It straight presented/displayed a circular mass of neciformation at the end of the first cranial, dorsal, paramedial third, of approximately 3 cm. of diameter, remaining 2 months without change. Later, growth of the same one was observed (up to 6 cm) ulcerando itself. Of solid consistency, it signs, with sensible reaction to the tact, test of negative Godette and sound kills. The following tests were made and the results are the following ones: Radiology. It was appraised an radio-opaque structure of medium density, extracelomica, subcutaneous, without involving bony structures. The lungs were observed insufflated and free. The anatomical limits of the other organs were observed apparently normal. Citopatologla: cells of inflammatory type with tincion of Papanicolaou were not observed. Hemograma: Basopenia and mitosis 5%. Biochemistry: Total proteins, high Globulins, Cholesterol and Phosphorus. The laboratory did not analyze CK, AST, ALT or Bilirrubinas that could help to direct another site of nonvisible injury. Histopatologia: Tumor of fusiform cells benign compatible with Shwanoma. Treatments. Force feed with 150 rates of grs. of weight each 8-15 days. Antimicrobial therapy with Enrofloxacina 10 mg/kg c/24hrs./10 days. Terapla of analgesia with sodico Parecoxib 20mg/kg each 48hrs /5 days later to the taking of biopsy. La corporal condition diminished. The too invasive tumor locally did not allow to extirpate it being art animal nonapt for the surgery. It was hoped to take advantage of the poison for the manufacture antiviperinos serums. Resolution: During the force feed a profuse hemorrhage through the sewer took place being the cause of its death. Autopsy: classic picture of stress, and to the exploration of the sewer was I coagulate of blood appearing two dumb ones of eyeteeth and torn the mucosa. This caused that when holding the body of the viper to feed it, mortally penetrated the eyeteeth in the wall of the sewer injuring. It is necessary to remember that this one species of viper has the greatest eyeteeth of the viporidos ones (2-6cni). This flame the attention and makes reflect, since in the routine procedures in the clinical exploration, the palpatacion and the handling of the celomica cavity they can remotely cause an accident of this one nature. Thus contemplating, that the animal handling with solemnogiifos eyeteeth of type, must be more careful. Sharing this bad experience with you it is left the following reflection: "The one that to iron kills, with iron dies"


1.  Johon M. Mehrtens: Living Snakes of the World in color; Sterling Publishing Co;Inc. New York, Blandford Press Dorset, England.(6) pp.306-307

2.  Biomedical Frye surgical F.L and aspects of captive reptile husbandry- 2da. edition, Malabar, Florida: Krieger publishing company., 1991. (3) pp.42

3.  Dugia~ R. Mader, Reptile Medicine and Surgery; Edit. VV.B.Saunclers Company, 1996

Speaker Information
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Jorge Sanchez

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