Diagnostic Tests for Respiratory Disease
World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2005
Philip Padrid, DVM
Family Pet Animal Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA; Associate Professor, Committee on Molecular Medicine, University of Chicago; Associate Professor (adjunct), Small Animal Medicine, The Ohio State University

Diagnostic tests are required to confirm the presence of many respiratory diseases in small animals. However, respiratory medicine is an underdeveloped subspecialty in veterinary medicine, and there are relatively few sophisticated tests that are available to the clinician that actually diagnose specific pulmonary disorders. Instead, most of the commonly available tests are best used to point us in the right direction, and to rule out the presence of other potentially confounding disorders. So for example, when an older patient has a new-onset cough, an abnormal chest radiograph can point us toward a diagnosis of pulmonary malignancy, heart failure, while a normal chest radiograph may suggest a diagnosis of a non-serious nature.

This manuscript will review the diagnostic tests that are available to evaluate small animals with signs of respiratory disease, including the advantages, disadvantages and current controversies regarding many of these tests used to evaluate pets with signs of pulmonary impairment. We will specifically focus on the tests that are practical and can be used by any veterinarian in small animal practice. Emphasis will be placed on physical examination techniques to determine if the disorder is in the upper airway, the lower airway or the lung. Movies will be shown so that the audience and the presenter can review the clinical signs of each patient at the same time.

Radiographs will be shown so that the audience can compare the physical examination findings of the patient with the associated changes x-ray changes in the same patient. Culture, cytology and biopsy skills will be reviewed and the value or lack of value of each of these techniques will be discussed as they related to the diagnosis and treatment of both dogs and cats with signs of respiratory impairment. Blood gas values and pulse oximetry will also be discussed in terms of the value of each test in our daily practice. Finally, movies of laryngoscopy, tracheoscopy and bronchoscopy will be shown to confirm each disorder that is being discussed.

Speaker Information
(click the speaker's name to view other papers and abstracts submitted by this speaker)

Philip Padrid, DVM
USA


MAIN : Respiratory Disease : Diagnostics/Tests: Respiratory Disease
Powered By VIN

Friendly Reminder to Our Colleagues: Use of VIN content is limited to personal reference by VIN members. No portion of any VIN content may be copied or distributed without the expressed written permission of VIN.

Clinicians are reminded that you are ultimately responsible for the care of your patients. Any content that concerns treatment of your cases should be deemed recommendations by colleagues for you to consider in your case management decisions. Dosages should be confirmed prior to dispensing medications unfamiliar to you. To better understand the origins and logic behind these policies, and to discuss them with your colleagues, click here.

Images posted by VIN community members and displayed via VIN should not be considered of diagnostic quality and the ultimate interpretation of the images lies with the attending clinician. Suggestions, discussions and interpretation related to posted images are only that -- suggestions and recommendations which may be based upon less than diagnostic quality information.

CONTACT US

777 W. Covell Blvd., Davis, CA 95616

vingram@vin.com

PHONE

  • Toll Free: 800-700-4636
  • From UK: 01-45-222-6154
  • From anywhere: (1)-530-756-4881
  • From Australia: 02-6145-2357
SAID=27