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ABSTRACT OF THE WEEK

In practice
Volume 44 | Issue 3 (Apr 2022)

Guide to radiation therapy use in companion animals

In Pract. Apr 2022;44(3):124-140. 13 Refs
James Elliott1
1 Southfields Veterinary Specialists, Basildon, Essex SS15 6TP, UK.

Author Abstract

Background: Radiation therapy (RT) is an important component of a multimodality approach to treating cancer in companion animals. Many owners that receive a cancer diagnosis for their pet never get to consult with a veterinary oncologist, and so it is important that clinicians involved in cancer diagnosis or treatment (whether a general practitioner, internal medicine clinician, surgical specialist or neurologist) have a basic understanding of the equipment used, the basic mechanism of action, the indications, as well as the expected side effects of RT.

Aim of the article: This article provides an updated review of veterinary RT. This is particularly timely, given the current investment in RT facilities in the UK, which will revolutionise the incorporation of RT into veterinary medicine in the near future.

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Archives Highlights:
Upper and lower respiratory airway complaints among female veterinary staff.
Atopy was seen in 31% of the 109 female participants. Symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis were the most frequent complaints (n = 92; 84%). Symptoms of upper and lower airways were highly correlated and an asthma diagnosis was confirmed in 11% of participants. Modelling revealed that sensitization against cats/dogs was a significant risk factor for respiratory symptoms of upper [odds ratio (OR) 4.61] and lower airways (OR 5.14), physician-confirmed rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 13.43), and asthma (OR 9.02) in assistant staff of small-animal practices.
Retrospective study of canine cutaneous tumors submitted to a diagnostic pathology laboratory in Northern Portugal (2014-2020).
During this period, 1,185 cases were diagnosed as skin tumors; 62.9% were diagnosed as benign, while 37.1% were malignant. Mast cell tumors (22.7%) were the most frequently diagnosed neoplasia, followed by benign soft tissue tumors (9.7%), sebaceous gland tumors (8.1%), vascular tumors (7.9%), and soft tissue sarcomas (7.6%).
Canine coat pigmentation genetics: a review.
Some genes involved in canine pigmentation have been linked to aural, visual, and neurological impairments. In this paper, we discuss coat colour phenotypes in the domestic dog, the genes and variants responsible for these phenotypes, and any proven coat colour-associated health effects.
Laparoscopic Castration Using Bipolar Forceps vs. Orchiectomy in Dogs: A Comparison of Two Techniques.
The use of high-frequency bipolar forceps allowed quick and uneventful laparoscopic procedures. The laparoscopic group had significantly lower pain scores, cortisol, and PCR values than the orchiectomy group. No complications were seen in any group.
Effect of age, sex, and body size on the blood biochemistry and physiological constants of dogs from 4 wk. to >‚ÄČ52 wk. of age.
The results of this study showed that ALT, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, and body temperature levels were lower in puppies than in adult dogs, while the enzymatic activity of ALP, LDH, glucose concentration, and heart rate were higher. Whereas sex, body size, and the interaction did not show a significant effect.

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