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Animals : an open access journal from MDPI
Volume 11 | Issue 11 (October 2021)

Laparoscopic Castration Using Bipolar Forceps vs. Orchiectomy in Dogs: A Comparison of Two Techniques.

Animals (Basel). October 2021;11(11):.
Inês Tenreiro Tavares1, Ramón R Barreno2, José P Sales Luis3, Carlo G Vaudano4, José Raduán Jaber5
1 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lusófona University, 1749-024 Lisboa, Portugal.; 2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Cd Juárez 32315, Mexico.; 3 Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lisbon University, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.; 4 Surgical Department, Oeiras Veterinary Hospital, 2780-176 Oeiras, Portugal.; 5 Departamento de Morfologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35413 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.


This paper aimed to study the feasibility of a new laparoscopic castration technique in male dogs, evaluate the pain associated with it, and compare it with the classical orchiectomy. Surgical times, pain scores, blood and salivary cortisol, and CRP were recorded and compared between the two groups. The use of high-frequency bipolar forceps allowed quick and uneventful laparoscopic procedures. The laparoscopic group had significantly lower pain scores, cortisol, and PCR values than the orchiectomy group. No complications were seen in any group. Our results suggest that this laparoscopic castration is a safe and beneficial surgical alternative to traditional orchiectomy in dogs.

PCR; UMPS; bipolar electrocoagulation; dog; laparoscopic castration; pain; salivary cortisol; serum cortisol;

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SFRH / BDE / 51710 / 2011 Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia

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