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ABSTRACT OF THE WEEK

Today's Veterinary Practice
Volume 11 | Issue 5 (Sep-Oct 2021)

Cuterebriasis in Dogs and Cats

Today's Vet Pract. Sep-Oct 2021;11(5):22-25. 6 Refs
Lindsay A Starkey1
1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.

Author Abstract

Cuterebra botflies are typically parasites of rodents and rabbits, but they may find their way into pet cats and, less frequently, dogs.

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Archives Highlights:
Comprehensive analysis of retracted journal articles in the field of veterinary medicine and animal health.
Two-hundred-forty-two articles retracted between 1993 and 2019 were included in the study. Over this period, the estimated rate of retraction increased from 0.03/1000 to 1.07/1000 veterinary articles. Median time from publication to retraction was 478 days (range 0-3653 days). Veterinary journals had disproportionately more retractions than nonveterinary journals. Authors/groups with =2 retractions accounted for 37.2% of retractions. Authors were affiliated with a faculty of veterinary medicine in 59.1% of retracted articles.
Non-blinded treatment of aural -hematoma with oral prednisolone as a monotherapy in privately-owned dogs.
Clinicians treated 24 privately-owned dogs suffering from aural hematoma with oral prednisolone at 1?mg/kg/day for 14 days, followed by 0.5?mg/kg/day for another 14 days. The success was assessed subjectively after 14 days by the owner and after 28 days by a clinician or specialist. In 21 of 24 dogs, oral prednisolone treatment for 28 days led to a subjective clinical improvement of at least 80%.
Effective recruitment advertising: using an evidence-based approach
It is no secret that the veterinary profession is going through a ‘recruitment crisis’, with many practices struggling to fill positions. This article examines some of the research on what actually works in recruitment advertising, and offers some evidence-based advice on the most effective way to attract appropriate applicants to apply to a vacancy.
Enteral & Parenteral Nutrition in the Intensive Care Unit
Continual reassessment can help determine when to transition the patient from assisted feeding to voluntary consumption of food. Nutritional support should only be discontinued when the patient can consume ˜75% of their RER without support. In patients receiving parenteral nutrition, the transition to enteral nutrition should occur over at least 12 to 24 hours, depending on tolerance of enteral nutrition.
A longitudinal study of the persistence of increased creatinine and concordance between kidney biomarkers in cats and dogs.
The study included 4517 cats and 4576 dogs with increased T1 creatinine concentrations and 54,295 cats and 125,403 dogs with T1 creatinine at or below the URL. The probability of a persistently increased creatinine at T2 was approximately 58% for cats and 49% for dogs after a T1 increase. For animals without a T1 increase the probability of increased creatinine at T2 was only 7% for cats and 3% for dogs. For cats and dogs with persistently increased Cr, the probability of an increased SDMA concentration at T1 was 70-75%. By 24 months, that probability rose to 94% for cats and 88% for dogs.

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