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ABSTRACT OF THE WEEK

Today's Veterinary Practice
Volume 11 | Issue 4 (Jul-Aug 2021)

Ear Mites: Uncovering, Treating, and Preventing Infestations

Today's Vet Pract. Jul-Aug 2021;11(4):26-31. 32 Refs
Susan Little1
1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.

Author Abstract

Routine diagnostic tests can miss Otodectes cynotis infestations, but safe treatment is readily available for both dogs and cats.

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Archives Highlights:
Multimodal Pain Management for Canine Osteoarthritis
Weight control, medications, joint supplements, and physical rehabilitation are the main components of OA management. When selecting treatments, veterinarians should consider the efficacy, safety profile, mechanism of action, and patient response for each. Although not all dogs respond equally to all treatments, cooperation among all parties is vital to carry out an appropriate management program, and monitoring is essential to help with decision-making for further treatment.
Upper and lower respiratory airway complaints among female veterinary staff.
Atopy was seen in 31% of the 109 female participants. Symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis were the most frequent complaints (n = 92; 84%). Symptoms of upper and lower airways were highly correlated and an asthma diagnosis was confirmed in 11% of participants. Modelling revealed that sensitization against cats/dogs was a significant risk factor for respiratory symptoms of upper [odds ratio (OR) 4.61] and lower airways (OR 5.14), physician-confirmed rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 13.43), and asthma (OR 9.02) in assistant staff of small-animal practices.
Serum concentrations of gabapentin in cats with chronic kidney disease.
Cats with CKD that received 10 mg/kg of gabapentin had significantly higher dose-normalized serum concentrations than normal cats that received 20 mg/kg, supporting the need to dose-reduce in this patient population.
Xanthinuria secondary to allopurinol treatment in dogs with leishmaniosis: Current perspectives of the Iberian veterinary community.
Of two-hundred and thirty respondents, 99.6% prescribe allopurinol for canine leishmaniosis. Xanthinuria was estimated to happen in less than one out of every four dogs by 91.7% of the clinicians. Three out of every four respondents inform owners about deleterious effects of allopurinol, and 28.4% consider implementing a change in diet in advance of treatment as a proactive measure. When xanthinuria is detected, 43.2% of the respondents discontinue allopurinol, 24% replace it by nucleotide-analogs, 14.9% reduce its dosage, and 3.1% split its dosage but increase administration frequency.
Non-blinded treatment of aural -hematoma with oral prednisolone as a monotherapy in privately-owned dogs.
Clinicians treated 24 privately-owned dogs suffering from aural hematoma with oral prednisolone at 1?mg/kg/day for 14 days, followed by 0.5?mg/kg/day for another 14 days. The success was assessed subjectively after 14 days by the owner and after 28 days by a clinician or specialist. In 21 of 24 dogs, oral prednisolone treatment for 28 days led to a subjective clinical improvement of at least 80%.

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