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ABSTRACT OF THE WEEK

Clinician's brief
Volume 19 | Issue 4 (June 2021)

Suspected Food Allergy in Dogs (Diagnostic Tree)

Clin Brief. June 2021;19(4):.
Elizabeth R Drake1
1 The College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.

Author Abstract

Food allergy can mimic other dermatologic disorders. Use this diagnostic tree to help guide you through the differentials.

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Archives Highlights:
Serum concentrations of gabapentin in cats with chronic kidney disease.
Cats with CKD that received 10 mg/kg of gabapentin had significantly higher dose-normalized serum concentrations than normal cats that received 20 mg/kg, supporting the need to dose-reduce in this patient population.
Parvovirus enteritis and other risk factors associated with persistent gastrointestinal signs in dogs later in life: a retrospective cohort study.
The prevalence of persistent GI signs was significantly higher in post-parvo dogs compared to control dogs (57% vs 25%). Markers of disease severity at the time of hospital admission such as neutropenia, low body temperature (BT), and treatment with an antiemetic medication (metoclopramide) were significant risk factors for persistent GI signs in post-parvo dogs.
Diagnosis of canine spontaneous hypoadrenocorticism.
In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology of the disease, the clinical signs and laboratory features that should raise suspicion of hypoadrenocorticism, and the performance of the different diagnostic tests.
Canine Pelvic Limb Amputation
Some amputations are necessary due to the pet owner’s financial constraints. However, surgeons are encouraged to exhaust all options prior to limb amputation while also educating owners about the risks, complications, and prognosis for each specific clinical case.
Effect of age, sex, and body size on the blood biochemistry and physiological constants of dogs from 4 wk. to > 52 wk. of age.
The results of this study showed that ALT, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, and body temperature levels were lower in puppies than in adult dogs, while the enzymatic activity of ALP, LDH, glucose concentration, and heart rate were higher. Whereas sex, body size, and the interaction did not show a significant effect.

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