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TECH178-0210 : Fundamentals of Small Animal Anesthesia Module 2

Darci Palmer, LVT, VTS (Anesthesia) and Brenda Feller, CVT, RVT, VTS (Anesthesia)

February 17-March 26, 2010
Real Time Sessions: Tuesday evenings, February 23, March 2, 9, and 16, 2010; 9:00pm-10:30pm ET (USA)

Module 2 will continue to build on the foundation principles of canine and feline anesthesia covered in Module 1. The focus of Module 2 will be on anesthesia drug selection, pain management techniques, and anesthetic complications. Case scenarios will be presented during the real time sessions to highlight key points about the drugs and techniques. Participants will be encouraged to take the information presented each week and use it to construct an over all perspective of anesthesia case management. At the end of the course, participants will be able to effectively collaborate with their veterinarian in the development of anesthesia protocols and management of anesthesia cases.

Darci Palmer has been working specifically in anesthesia since 2001. The majority of her experience comes from working in a university setting where her primary duties were to assist in the instruction of 4th year veterinary students during their anesthesia rotation. Brenda Feller, as a student at Michigan State University, developed an interest in anesthesia. After graduation she worked in a general practice for a few years before moving on to the Anesthesia Department at the Veterinary College at the University of Illinois. Here she honed her skills and anesthesia became a passion. She has furthered her interest at a specialty practice where her main focus has been anesthesia and pain management.

All members of the veterinary support staff may join the course and its discussions; however, this course is focused towards the veterinary technician who routinely deals with anesthesia case management. Veterinarians are highly encouraged to enroll with their veterinary technicians to work as a team in anesthesia. Module 1 is a required prerequisite for Module 2 to help insure a complete understanding of the basic principles of anesthesia before learning how to develop an anesthesia protocol. These modules are approved CE for those applicants applying for their VTS (Anesthesia).

Upon completion of this course participants will be able to discuss and interpret

TEXTBOOKS: There are no required texts for this course; however, the instructors will include a recommend list of texts in the course area library.


Week 1: Pre-anesthetic Drugs
Content: We will begin with the advantages of pre-anesthetic drugs including an overview of drug classes used as premedications to include anticholinergics, phenothiazines, benzodiazepines, alpha-2 agonists, and opioids. Case based discussions on appropriate premedication protocols for specific patients will be included to increase participants recognition and use of these medications.

Week 2: Induction Period and Recovery Period
Content: We will review the stages of anesthesia. An overview of injectable drugs commonly used for induction will include barbiturates, dissociatives, propofol, etomidate, alfaxalone and opioids. An overview of currently used inhalants and their physical properties along with considerations during the post-operative period will complete this week. Case based discussions on appropriate induction and maintenance protocols for specific patients will be included to increase participants' recognition and use of these medications.

Week 3: Pain Management and Ancillary Drugs
Content: This week will focus on an overview of pain physiology and the drugs used for pain management, indications for specific local and regional techniques, how to perform local and regional blocks, the use of intra-operative analgesic constant rate infusions, and the role of sympathomimetic and neuromuscular blocking agents in anesthesia. Case based discussions on appropriate pain management protocols and adjunctive drugs will be included to increase participants' recognition and use of these medications.

Week 4: Anesthetic Complications
Content: In this final week we will focus on descriptions of predictable complications such as hypoventilation, hypoxemia, hypotension, hypovolemia and hypothermia; complications that can arise from human error; cardiopulmonary arrest during anesthesia; and an overview of common arrhythmias that can occur during anesthesia.

LIBRARY MATERIALS: Library materials will be made available prior to the topic week so participants will have plenty of time to prepare for the real time sessions and discussion.

MESSAGE BOARD DISCUSSIONS: Message board discussions regarding the topic presented will begin on the day the course opens and continue for one week following the last real time session. These discussions will be held in the VSPN CE course area.


$120 ($108 early bird special if registered before February 3, 2010).
*Enroll in both Modules before January 12, 2010 and receive a 15% discount off the regular course price. *Students currently enrolled in and taking at least 2 classes or 5 units at an AVMA accredited or CAAHT approved Veterinary Technician Program may be eligible to receive a 50% discount off the regular rate for this course (upon verification of student status). You must include the following information in the comments section of the CE enrollment form in order to be eligible for this discount: your program director's name and contact information (email/phone) and school name.

** NOTE: Enrollment will be closed when the maximum number of participants is reached or at 5pm ET the day of the first real time session

**The Participant's Resource Center includes all you need to know about online CE with VIN and VSPN.


  1. Each person must individually be a registered member of VSPN ( Membership in VSPN is free.
  2. To enroll in any VSPN CE course click on the ENROLL NOW link below the course title on the right side of the page at
  3. Each enrollee must be able to receive emails from and addresses. This is our major form of communication with participants. It is highly recommended that course participants use their own, personal emails rather than clinic/hospital email addresses.
  4. VIN Member veterinarians SHOULD NOT register for their staff. Please have the staff member register through VSPN. Please email if you have questions.
  5. VIN Member veterinarians ARE ELIGIBLE to take this course, we are requesting RACE accreditation for both veterinarians and veterinary technicians. **Please access the course enrollment through
Note: "This course has been submitted for approval of 6 continuing education credits in jurisdictions which recognize AAVSB RACE approval; however participants should be aware that some boards have limitations on the number of hours accepted in certain categories and/or restrictions on certain methods of delivery of continuing education. Call VSPN CE at 1-800-700-4636 for further information." (Attendees are encouraged to check with their licensing jurisdiction(s) for information regarding recognition by their board).
COURSE WITHDRAWAL AND REFUND POLICY: Withdrawal prior to the listed start date of a course entitles the registrant to a complete refund or a credit toward a future VSPN or VIN CE course, whichever is preferred. Withdrawal within 1 week after the listed start date (i.e. including no more than one real-time session) entitles the registrant to a credit toward any future VIN CE course. (Does not apply to courses with only one real-time session.) After the first real-time session, a registrant may withdraw due to special circumstances and receive prorated credit towards a future VIN course. These requests will be handled on an individual basis. The amount of the prorated credit will be determined based on 65% of the time remaining in the course at the time of withdrawal. It is not possible to withdraw retroactively.
Note: To ensure rapid handling of your request for withdrawal, we recommend that you call the VIN office at 1-800-700-INFO (4636).
** For More Information on VSPN's upcoming CE Courses, check out

Nanette R. Walker Smith, M.Ed., RVT, CVT, LVT
VSPN Content Director & CE Coordinator

VSPN CE Services:
1-800-846-0028 or 1-530-756-4881
Charlotte Waack (; ext 193
Chris Upchurch (; ext 197
Darci Palmer (; ext 179
Debbie Bess (; ext 178
Nanette Walker Smith (; ext 187


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