Seizures in Dogs and Cats
Sean Sanders, DVM, PhD

Review by Kathy Lyon Star
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 In checking titles of books on seizures in dogs, most books commonly available to the general public were written by companies selling “natural” cures, dog trainers, children’s books, and one other by a veterinarian whose primary interest is on spirituality and healing.

In checking the references following each chapter, it is apparent that there are many papers published on this topic, with most of them involving a single topic or breed.

This book seems to be directed toward general information in its study of the process and treatment of seizures. The author states that this topic is by no means complete and is a work in progress. He fully expects subsequent updates as more studies are conducted and more treatments are offered.

The first chapter is the historical observations of the connections between man and animals. There is some supposition here as we really don’t know what ancient man thought about seizures in animals or even recognized them. The author does mention the first recorded instances of [what is thought to be] seizures in humans.

The second chapter is The Biology of Seizures. How they start, the neural pathways and the firing of pathways, and the route of various connections.

The third chapter is directed primarily toward epilepsy. It deals extensively with the physiology of a seizure, how the neurons fire (or not fire), and the biology of seizures. Seizures are graded and classified as to length, severity, and response to testing.

Client communication is next, guiding the practitioner through the process of extracting information, explaining about seizures, and avoiding losing the concentration or confidence of the client in the process. You are given information on how to explain the etiology of a seizure. You will be directed how to get the information necessary to determine the type of seizure and advise the client on home care and observation. Preparing a diary for the client covers such items as describing the seizure and any precipitating activity. Explaining procedures to the client while performing reflex testing will help the client better understand the exam. The exam for seizures will be different from the usual exam and this chapter will hold your hand and give you the skills to pull it off.

Establishing a diagnosis is contained in chapter 5. This is where collecting a relevant history is important. A history for a seizing patient is extensive and detailed. You would be well advised to prepare a separate history form for seizure patients, and you can put this together with the help of this chapter. There are three tables of presentation signs, for three age ranges of patients.

The diagnostics chapter is extensive, also containing illustrations of imaging films, EDG’s, and MRI images.

The medical management of seizures is likewise a substantial chapter (chapter 8) and discusses the why and when to treat. Medications, routes of administration as well as the physiological aspects of absorption and elimination are explained. This is followed by a chapter on anti-seizure medications. Each medication, its action, side effects, and monitoring is explained.

Chapter 9 is the emergency management of seizures, also a substantial chapter. Dealing with client anxiety is discussed as well as how to reassure the client and answer questions regarding possible lifelong treatment, expense, and possible euthanasia. The chapter is extremely useful as first time seizures are almost always emergencies. Flow charts and tables help guide the clinician through the basics. This is an important chapter and will be of immense help for both the client and the patient. There are useful sub-topics such as traumatic brain injury and emergency home therapy. This may be one of the areas where you will gain the most information.

Chapter 9 addresses alternative, integrative and complimentary therapies. There is some good information for the clinician who follows complimentary medicine or alternatively, for the clinician who does not. The author discusses acupuncture, herbal, essential oil, and plant-based therapies and also delves into potentially harmful treatments. There is a useful list of some of the commonly recommended herbs.

Advanced invasive therapies are included in chapter 10. There is information here that is relatively recent in seizure treatment. Some photos of brain surgery are included illustrating lesions.

A glossary of terms in included as well as clinical neurology forms for the neuro exam with examples pictured; a formulary of common anti-seizure medications.

Publisher: Wiley/Sons, 2015,  Paper covers, 325 pages. Some black and white illustrations.

ISBN: 9781118689745

Table of Contents
Book Reviews
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Alternative Medicine
Animal Welfare
Client Education
Cytology / Hematology / Histology
Emergency Med
* Blackwell Can. Fel. 4th Ed. (VSPN Review)
* BSAVA Can. Fel. Neurology 3rd Ed.
* BSAVA Canine Feline Haematology
* BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice
* Cardio. Disease SA
* Clin. Can. Fel. Repro.
* Clinical Vet. Dog Cat (VSPN Review)
* Keeping Indoor Cats (VSPN Review)
Acupuncture For Dogs And Cats; A Pocket Atlas
Arthropod Disease Dog Cat
Atlas Interpret. Radiograph. Dog Cat 2nd Ed.
Atlas of Feline Anatomy for Veterinarians, 2nd Ed.
Atlas of Feline Anatomy for Veterinarians, Second Ed
Atlas of Feline Ophthalmology, 2nd Ed
August’s Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine, Vol 7 (VSPN)
Behavior Problems of the Dog and Cat, 3rd Ed (VSPN)
Blackwell Can. & Fel. Behavior
Blackwell Lab. Tests (VSPN Review)
Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Dermatology, 2nd Ed
Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Dermatology, 2nd Ed
BSAVA Can. Fel. Anaesthesia 2nd Ed.
BSAVA Can. Fel. Dentistry 3rd Ed.
BSAVA Can. Fel. Endoscopy
BSAVA Can. Fel. Nursing 2nd Ed.
BSAVA Can. Fel. Thoracic Imaging
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Cardiorespiratory Medicine, 2nd Ed. (VSPN Review)
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Endocrinology, 4th Ed
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Haematology and Transfusion Medicine
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, 2nd Ed.
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology, 4th Ed
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology, 4th Edition with DVD (VSPN)
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Radiography and Radiology (VSPN)
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Rehabilitation, Supportive, and Palliative Care
BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Reproduction and Neonatology, 2nd Ed. (VSPN Review)
BSAVA Musculoskeletal Imaging
BSAVA Nephrology Urology 2nd Ed.
Can. Fel. Geriatric Oncology
Canine & Feline Endocrinology 3rd Ed.
Canine & Feline Gastroenterology, 1st Edition (VSPN)
Canine & Feline Infectious Diseases ( VSPN)
Canine and Feline Infectious Diseases and Parasitology, 2nd Ed.
Canine Feline Behav. Therapy 2nd Ed.
Cardiac Auscultation
Cat Anatomy and Dissection Guide
Cat: Behav. Nutr.
Clinical Can. Fel. Respiratory
Clinical Canine and Feline Respiratory Medicine (VSPN Review)
Clinical Med. Dog Cat 2nd Ed.
Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats, 2nd Ed
Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats; 2nd Ed.
Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine, Volume 6
Diagnostic Radiology and Ultrasonography
Ear Nose Throat Dog & Cat
Encyclopedia of Feline Clinical Nutrition (VSPN)
Essential Physiotherapy
Feline Behavioral Health and Welfare (VSPN)
Feline Dentistry (Guest Review)
Feline Dentistry (VSPN Review)
Feline Infectious Diseases Self-Assessment Color Review
Feline Orthopedics
Feline Parasitology
First Steps with Puppies and Kittens; A Practice-Team Approach to Behavior (VSPN)
Handbook of Canine and Feline Emergency Protocols
Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat, 4th Ed.
Lymphoma Dogs & Cats
Management of Pregnant and Neonatal Dogs, Cats, and Exotic Pets
Management of Pregnant and Neonatal Dogs, Cats, and Exotic Pets(VSPN)
Manual Clin. Dog Cat 3rd Ed.
Notes Cardioresp. Dog & Cat 2nd Ed.
Nutrition for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses
Nutritional Management of Hospitalized Small Animals
Radiography of the Dog and Cat: Guide to Making and Interpreting Radiographs (VSPN)
Radiography of the Dog and Cat: Guide to Making and Interpreting Radiographs (VSPN)
You are hereSeizures in Dogs and Cats
Self-Assessment Cytology
Self-Assessment Feline Med.
Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy (VSPN)
Small Animal Oncology
The Cat: Clinical Medicine and Management (VSPN)
The Cat; Clinical Medicine and Management
The Feline Patient 4th edition (VSPN Review)
The Merck/Merial Manual for Pet Health, Home Ed
Towel Wrap Techniques for Handling Cats with Skill and Ease (DVD)(VSPN)
Urological Disorders of the Dog and Cat (VSPN)
Vet Medi Guide to Dog and Cat Breeds (VSPN)
Veterinary Medical Guide to Dog and Cat Breeds
What’s Wrong with my Cat or Kitten? (VSPN)
* 5-Minute Consult Ophthalmology
* Atlas Orthopedic Surg. Dog Cat
* Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline, 5th Ed
* Breed Disease Dog Cat
* BSAVA Can. Fel. Behaviour.
* BSAVA Canine Feline Endocrinology 3rd Ed.
* BSAVA Infectious Diseases
* Cancer Dogs Cats 2nd Ed.
* Color Skin Dog Cat 2nd Ed. (VSPN Review)
* Consult. Feline IM 4
* Consult. Feline IM 5
* Diagnostic Cytology 3rd Ed.
* Ear Diseases Dog Cat
* Feline Behavior Guide 2nd Ed.
* Feline Patient 3rd Ed.
* Five Diagnostic Feline
* Geriatrics Dog & Cat 2nd Ed.
* Guide Hematology Dog Cat (VSPN Review)
* Handbook Behavior Dog Cat 2nd Ed.
* Handbook Emergency Dog Cat
* Parasitology Dogs & Cats
* Practical Can. Fel. Neurology
* Restraint Fractious Cat
* SA Dentistry PVS
* Self-Assessment SA Dermatology
* Skin Disease Dog Cat 2nd Ed.
* Text. Can. Fel. Cardio.
* Textbook Respiratory Dogs & Cats
* Treatment Behavior Dog Cat
* Treatment Behavior Dog Cat 2nd Ed.
* Veterinary Pediatrics 3rd Ed.
*Infectious Dog Cat 3rd Ed. (VSPN Review)
Food Animals/Livestock
Handling & Restraint
Human-Animal Bond
Imaging & Radiology
Infectious Diseases
Internal Medicine
Laboratory Medicine
Practice Management
Rabbits, Rodents & Ferrets
Shelter Medicine
Veterinary Education
Wildlife-Zoo Animals

Date Published: November 25, 2015

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