Pet Smile Campaign in Poland--Promotion of Oral Hygiene and Survey of Oral Cavity in Polish Pets.
J.P. Gawor1,2; K. Jodkowska1,3; G. Kurski1,4; A. Kurek3; M.P. Wojtacki1,5
1Dental Working Group in Polish Small Animal Veterinary Association; 2ARKA Veterinary Surgery, Kraków; 3SGGW Warszawa, Warsaw Agricultural University; 4ELWET Veterinary Surgery, Warszawa; 5IAMS, Procter & Gamble Poland

The Dental group of the Polish Small Animal Veterinary Association started to arrange the Pet Smile campaign in October 2002. Team consisted of Vets prepared materials for owners, instructions for the vets, posters, questionnaires and finally signed the agreement between PSAVA and IAMS. The team, with great logistic help from the sponsor, managed to recruit 730 practices in Poland to provide free dental check-ups. There were two editions of Pet Smile Campaign: in 2003 and 2004.

Materials and methods: Oral Check-ups were documented in the standardized questionnaires provided by Dental Working Group of PSAVA. Each animal was recorded in separate chart in which were included the following information: breed, age, sex of the patient and address of the owner. Apart from this, 5 other parameters appeared in the chart, and every of them was followed by collecting 0-1-2 points: 1. Nutrition ( home-made and soft food, dry food, mixed ) 2. Oral Prophylaxis (daily teeth brushing; other; none) 3. Lymph nodes status (normal, active, enlarged) 4. Dental deposits (clear, up to 50%, more than 50%) 5. Periodontal status. (health, gingivitis, periodontitis) In 2 years time over 38 776 valid charts were collected from 730 surgeries involved in PS Campaign.

Results: In 38776 evaluated animals 76,6% were the dogs (29702) and 23,4% cats (9074). The results are presented in tables 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2 and 3.1, 3.2. Numerous other relations between different measured parameters in dogs and cats were found and will be mentioned and presented in further studies.


Table 1.1 Relation Oral hygiene/Oral health in cats

9074 CATS 23,4 % of surveyed population

 

Oral hygiene

Oral health

No prophylaxis
6787 cats-74,8%

Not regular
1878 cats-20,7%

Daily teeth brushing
409 cats-4,5%

n

[%]

n

[%]

n

[%]

No lymphadenopathy

4731

69,7

1393

74,2

355

86,9

No dental deposits

2043

30,1

716

38,1

243

59,5

No periodontopathy

3794

55,9

1170

62,3

302

73,8


Table 1.2 Relation Oral hygiene/Oral health in dogs

29702 DOGS 76,6 % of surveyed population

 

Oral hygiene

Oral health

No prophylaxis
17940 dogs-60,4%

Not regular
10277 dogs-34,6%

Daily teeth brushing
1485 dogs-5%

n

[%]

n

[%]

n

[%]

No lymphadenopathy

11948

66,6

7574

73,7

1253

84,4

No dental deposits

4503

25,1

3104

30,2

789

53,1

No periodontopathy

10567

58,9

6999

68,1

1188

80,0


Table 2.1 Relation Nutrition/Oral health in cats

9074 CATS 23,4 % of surveyed population

 

Nutrition profile

Oral health

Home-made and soft food
808 cats-8,9%

Mixed
5208 cats-57,4%

Dry food
3058 cats-33,7%

n

[%]

n

[%]

n

[%]

No lymphadenopathy

343

42,4

3666

70,4

2471

80,8

No dental deposits

115

14,2

1474

28,3

1407

46,0

No periodontopathy

268

33,2

2870

55,1

2131

69,7


Table 2.2 Relation Nutrition/Oral health in dogs

29702 DOGS 76,6 % of surveyed population

 

Nutrition profile

Oral health

Homemade and soft food
5881 dogs-19,8%

Mixed
17138 dogs-57,7%

Dry food
6683 dogs-22,5%

n

[%]

n

[%]

n

[%]

No lymphadenopathy

3223

54,8%

12099

70,6%

5473

81,9%

No dental deposits

1012

17,2%

4422

25,8%

2961

44,3%

No periodontopathy

2664

45,3%

10900

63,6%

5199

77,8%


Oral health index (value created of the points collected in questionnaire) is strongly related with age of animal. Health oral cavity had 0 points, 6 points-very sick one. [Kruskal Wallis test, Table 3.1, 3.2]

Table 3.1 Relation Age/Oral health index in cats

Age of Cat

Number of cats

Rate %

Medium Oral Health Index

0-8 months

181

2

0,122

8months-3 years

2632

29

0,712

3 years-9 years

4900

54

1,870

Over 9 years

1361

15

3,148

General

9074

100

1,686


Table 3.2 Relation Age/Oral health index in cats

Age of Dog

Number of dogs

Rate %

Medium Oral Health Index

0-8 months

891

3

0,126

8months-3 years

6237

21

0,615

3 years-9 years

15148

51

1,684

Over 9 years

7426

25

2,965

General

29702

100

1,733


Conclusions

1.  The level of oral prophylaxis in pets should be improved in Poland.

2.  Daily teeth brushing is the best solution for periodontal problems.

3.  Oral Health index is strongly related with age of animal

4.  The number of pets fed with dry food is not high in Poland, however this profile of nutrition has significant positive influence at status of Oral health.

Speaker Information
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J.P. Gawor


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